Polilog Studia Neofilologiczne

Wszystkie numery

Nr 8/2018 Nr 7/2017 Nr 6/2016 Nr 5/2015 Nr 4/2014 Nr 3/2013 Nr 2/2012 Nr 1/2011

Spis treści

Strona tytułowa
Spis treści - Contents


Pełny artykuł
Алла Большакова
Античные структуры и сюжеты в произведениях русских писателей. Статья 3Архетип раскола в древнерусской литературе
The archetype of the schism in Old Russian literature

This article aims to identify the origins of the Russian literary-philosophical thought in the Old Rus. In the ancient verbal creativity for the first time began to emerge – through the narrative, story structure, genre specific models, etc. – a set of cultural constants: the archetypes that would later form the basis of the Russian philosophical and artistic thought in the centuries of its development. The article focuses at the formation of one of the main archetypes of the Russian literature – the Split. This archetype, which then determines the movement of Russian literature for centuries, is regarded by the analysis of such prominent works by the ancient authors as Sermon on Law and Grace by Hilarion, The Song of Igor’s Campaign, The Life by the Archpriest Avvakum, etc.

Key words: literary archetype, the Old Russian literature, archetypаl dominant, author and hero, story and plot

Maria Galimska
Три ипостаси Романа Арбитмана (к вопросу о мистификациях писателя)
Roman Arbitman’s three hipostasis (about writer’s mystification problem)

Roman Arbitman – the writer, journalist and literary critic occurs in at least three literary forms in the modern Russian literature-as Roman Arbitman, Lew Gurskiy and Rustam Kac. The last mystification form the doctor of language and literature studies, professor Rustam Kac was the author of the monograph on The History of Soviet Fantasy. The whole information included in the monograph, starting from the historical facts up to the bibliography doesn’t have any connection with authenticity. Lew Gurskiy it is the next second mystification created by R. Arbitman – he is the author of detective stories – among others the presidential cycle.

Key words: symbol mystification, pseudonym, hypostasis, form, mask in literature

Magdalena Dąbrowska
Podróż z Moskwy do Trojeckiego Klasztoru, z niektórymi historycznymi pamiątkami Nikołaja Karamzina w strukturze czasopisma „Wiestnik Jewropy” oraz całokształcie spuścizny pisarza
Memoires and historical commentaries on the way to The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius by Nikolay Karamzin in the structure of the periodical “Vestnik Evropy” and Karamzin’s literary output

Memoires and historical commentaries on the way to The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius by Nikolay Karamzin (1766-1826) is a historical sketch and description of the journey from Moscow to The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius (“Vestnik Evropy”, 1802, No 15-17). The article consists of three parts: 1. Presentation of the sketch from a perspective of theme and concept of the traveller (travel itinerary, history of Russia and its rulers), 2. The sketch in the structure of the periodical “Vestnik Evropy” (“Literature and miscellaneous” section), 3. The sketch among the works by Karamzin, prose writer and historian (historical issues in the prose and periodicals, Letters of a Russian traveller, History of the Russian State, Karamzin as “the Columbus of the Russian history” and “the Columbus of the Russian Province”).

Key words: symbol travel, history, Russia, Nikolay Karamzin, sketch, „Memoires and historical commentaries on the way to The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius”, “Vestnik Evropy”

Татьяна Филат
Автор и герой в произведении И.С. Шмелева Лето Господне (статья вторая)
The author and the hero in the work of I.S. Shmelyov Summer of the Lord (article two)

The second article devoted to the problem of the hero and the author in the novel by I. Shmelyov Summer of the Lord analyzes peculiarity of autobiographic character of the literature work. Interrelation of the author and the hero as cognized and cognizing orthodox living of the merchant Shmelyovs family creates peculiar two-layered character of narration. Shmelyov combines portrayal of peculiarities of child psychology of perception of the world with his authorial interpretation as a certain idyll. In the novel chronotopos of creative space of Zamoskvorechie with the past time of Czarist-era Russia is realized.

Key words: autobiographic character of narration, idyllic chronotopos, authorial world concept, intertextuality, creative manner

Karol Karp
Un mondo alla rovescia. Sulle dinamiche trasgressive nel romanzo Per chi crescono le rose di Ingrid Beatrice Coman
The World Upside Down. Transgressive Elements in Ingrid Beatrice Coman’s novel Per chi crescono le rose

The article aims to read Ingrid Beatrice Coman’s Per chi crescono le rose through the category of transgression. The action is set in communist Romania, where the characteristic political factors cause a number of transgressive behaviors. The argument has been divided into four parts. The first section defines transgression and presents a few theories that are used in the analysis. The remaining parts depict mainly the unusual relationships that bind the characters and show the social restrictions that these relationships break. The narrative technique employed in the novel can also be considered transgressive. Coman’s plot is transgeneric as it relates to the poetics of a historical novel, a social novel and a satirical novel. Trangressiveness is, therefore, visible both on the level of the plot and the form.

Key words: Coman, communist Romania, transgressive relations, family

Валентина Наривская
Транскультурные смыслы бестселлера Курбан Саида Али и Нино
Transcultural sences of Kurban Said’s bestseller Ali and Nino

It is for the first time that bestseller Ali and Nino by Kurban Said is under study especially in the focus of the burning discussions about its authorship, time and place of its creating, which have taken place since its publication (1937, Vienna). The various cultural and historical reasons for its publications as well as the place of this novel among other antifascist works of the 1930-1940-ies are considered here. The modernity’s specificity of the work with its definite inclination from prototypical relations with The Cold Kiss by Y. Chemenzeminli as well as from the traditions of the «love story» concept, stemmed from Leyli and Medgnun by Nizami, is under study in the thesis. The urban specificity of Baku as a space of the East and the West cultures’ encountering and the love originated from them is analyzed in the focus of understanding the main character as a personality of transcultural, aesthetical futurist, formed during the war and the revolution of the 20th century.

Key words: modernism, love novel, «the East and the West», war and revolution, urban space, city underground culture, aesthetical futurist, transcultural personality

Iwona Anna NDiaye
Obraz Afryki w prozie emigracyjnej Nadieżdy Teffi
The image of Africa in Nadezhda Teffi’s emgration prose

We can find in N. Teffi’s emigration prose various examples of the image of Africa. N. Teffi never was in Africa herself, but the image of the African was readily available in her works. Teffi’s perspective on Africa was indirectly related to the tradition of travel literature, according to which Africa tempted by its diversity and exoticism. The aim of this article is to analyze the image of Africa, which is aimed at distinguishing the semantic structure of this motif and the ways of its linguistic representation. The lexical material was collected on the basis of the following sources: Volume Memories, essays and stories, published in the collection of short stories Рысь and Городок.

Key words: Nadezhda Teffi, immigrant literature, image of Africa

Максим Пономаренко
Историческая травма в стихотворении Ю.П. Кузнецова Очки Заксенгаузена
Historical trauma in Yuri Kuznetsov’s poem The Glasses of Sachsenhausen

Тhe aim of this paper is to present the traumatic experiences of a Russian poet of the second half of the 20th century Yury Kuznetsov. The thesis presents a transmission from personal to common. As personal we understand the family trauma of the poet, the loss of his father during the war. Common is formed on the basics of mythologisation of war and actualization of ontological problem of the place of the lyrical subject in the postwar world (a human being or a myth). The biography of the author has a great significance for the understanding of the poem The Glasses of Sachsenhausen. It preconditions the creation of an image of the former prisoner of the Sachsenhausen concentration camp as a individual of the old, bygone reality, who should adapt to the new world, in spite of his traumatic experiences. The paper exposes the significance of an individual, who is a symbol of the change of epochs and the new way of thinking.

Key words: symbol, objective world, personality, mythologisation, concentration camp

Зинаида Поляк Дина Поляк
Тема войны и пацифизма в дневнике реэмигранта Ю. Софиева
The theme of war and pacifism in the diary of re-emigrant Yu. Sofiev

The article explores the theme of war and pacifism in the diary of the poet of the first wave of Russian emigration by Yuri Sofiev, a witness and participant in the tragic events of the 20th century. In the 60th years, after returning to his homeland, Yu. Sofiev continued to keep a diary in which genre polymorphism was discovered. In autobiographical prose, letters, poems, journalism, readers’ diary, the author remains a convinced opponent of the war.

Key words: diary, genre polymorphism, war, pacifism

Наталья Попович
«В раю мы будем в мяч играть»: мотив игры в теннис в произведениях В. Набокова
„In heaven we shall be playing ball”: the motive of playing tennis in Nabokov’s works

The theme of sports in the literature is actively developing in the beginning of 20th century, playing tennis is an allegory of life, battle, change of victories and defeats. The autobiographical hero of V. Nabokov’s books is a harmoniously developed personality that combines a keen mind, erudition, talent, physical strength and dexterity. Aesthetization of the game of tennis, the metaphor of tennis as paradise fun, divine play, a symbol of youth and health, white color (Lone-tennis, University poem, Venetian, Glory, Lolita). Erotization of tennis, a connection with a love theme: a tennis match as a metaphor for a duel for the woman’s love (King, Queen, Jack, Lolita). The game as an erotic-theatrical action, the motif of beauty, the art of the game comes into conflict with the goal of the duel – to find out the strongest player (Lolita). The theme of sports in Russian literature, the culturological aspect of the game of tennis (Lectures on Russian literature, Pnin). The world of play and reality in Nabokov’s works are closely interrelated. The multiplicity of interpretations of the motive of the game by the writer, the symbolic and philosophical values of the game of tennis.

Key words: Vladimir Nabokov, sport, tennis, game, court

Brygida Pudełko
The conflict between woman’s desire for autonomy and her internalization of society’s conservative values in May Sinclair’s The Three Sisters
The conflict between woman’s desire for autonomy and her internalization of society’s conservative values in May Sinclair’s The Three Sisters

To be a woman in the Edwardian age, was to live a double life, one that was alternately Victorian and modern, repressive and liberating, traditional and radically new. In The Three Sisters Sinclair represented the self-division that can arise from living in a time of transition as the conflict between a character’s expressed desire for autonomy and agency, and her internalization of society’s conservative values. The novel is both a dramatization of subconscious drives and a novel of ideas that exposes the tyranny of the family and of religion. Gwenda, Mary and Alice are all in love with the village doctor, Steven Rowcliffe. The eldest sister, Mary, is the archetypal Angel in the House. Of all the three sisters, she is the most obedient to her father, pious, and devoted to making the lives of others comfortable. Through Mary, Sinclair demonstrated that the conventional view of wifehood as the only respectable role for woman, robs her of her integrity by driving her to deceptions and schemes to win a husband. Gwenda is aware of her feelings and can also act with intelligence and moral will. When she is told that Alice has become dangerously ill from unrequited love for Steven and she must either marry or go mad, she feels strong enough to sacrifice Steven. Alice’s illness is hysterical and it turns out that it is not Steven himself, but sexual pleasure, that she craves: sex and then marriage and children with local farmer Jim quickly put her right. Unlike Mary and Alice, who act on their drives without a clear knowledge of what they are doing, Gwenda is the least driven. She is a typical Edwardian heroine in several ways. She is independent, physically strong, the most intelligent of the three sisters and the most perspective. But rather than allow this modern woman to rebel, Sinclair uses her to examine the difficulty of maintaining one’s independence and the personal price one must pay when one rejects the status quo. Sinclair shows how even when one rejects the patriarchy intellectually, one can still internalize and suffer from its system of values. First, in the interests of Alice’s health, then in order to nurse her father, Gwenda denies herself and succumbs to the Victorian ideal of feminine self-sacrifice and sexual repression.

Key words: May Sinclair, Victorian domesticity, New Woman, female sexuality, religious orthodoxy

Людмила Сафронова, Эльмира Жанысбекова
Проблема «кентавризма» кочевников и земледельцев в аспекте психоаналитического литературоведения (на материале романа А. Кима Поселок кентавров)
The problem of “centaurism” of the kochevians and farmers in the aspect of psychoanalytical literature (on the material of the novel A. Kim The Village of Centaurs)

In the neo-mythological novel-grotesque The Village of Centaurs, the author tries to recreate the course of world and Asian history, the etymology of the birth and death of “centauric” civilizations that unite nomadic and agricultural peoples, the evolution of mankind as a whole. At the turn of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries especially the problem of the relationship between East and West, which, according to A. Kim’s thoughts, have gravitated towards confrontation since ancient times. A. Kim also spoke about the implicit war that had already begun between these two regions at an international conference in KazNU name after Al-Farabi in April 2017. Under such circumstances, universal personalities, like the most famous Kazakh of Korea, a world-famous writer Anatoly Kim, born in the land of Kazakhstan, brought up in Russian culture, and who in recent years has turned completely to his national Roots. Korean culture in general is most suited to the role of mediator between the eastern and western peoples, as in its history closely intertwined shamanism, Buddhist and Christian mythology, Confucianism. A Korean with Kazakh roots A. Kim is experimenting all the time trying to unite the West and East, heaven and earth, nomads and farmers: “On the father (heaven, top), the west and the east are the same, only in the womb of the mothers (bottom, land) are different”. But his experiments are not crowned with success, thereby manifesting the imperfect course of history and an endless return to the beginning, the myth of the first creation.

Key words: Anatoli Kim, myth, image, postmodernism, psychoanalytic literary criticism

Анна Степанова
Принцесса Греза Э. Ростана: на пути от Прохожей Ш. Бодлера к Незнакомке А. Блока
E. Rostand’s Princess the Dream: on a way from Ch. Baudelaire’s To a Woman Passing By to A. Blok’s The Lady Unknown

In the article it is considered neo-romantic and symbolist an aesthetic canon of courteous knightly poetry reconsideration. In E. Rostand’s play Princess the Dream revive Rudel) and are interpreted in Ch. Baudelaire’s and A. Blok’s symbolist experiences. The philosophical aspect of images of unknown woman, love, dream, reverie, an expanse unity understanding in A. Blok’s drama The Rose and the Cross, generalizing and Rostand’s aesthetic experience and transforming their symbolist and neo-romantic concept in an creative life aesthetics which center is the image of the person-artist is analyzed.

Key words: neo-romanticism, symbolism, poetry of troubadours, images of dream, an expanse, a reverie, beautiful unknown woman, creative life aesthetics, an image of the person-artist

Ludmiła Szewczenko
Россия и Запад в сборнике малой прозы Михаила Шишкина Пальто с хлястиком
Russia and the West in Mikhail Shishkin’s collection of stories Coat with a Belt on its Back

The works in M. Shishkin’s collection of stories Coat with a Belt on its Back highlights the opposition of Russia vs. the West. In the texts, its varieties emerge in the images of Russians and Westerners, with their contrasting mentality, in counterpoising the legal norms and people’s attitude towards the law in the West and in Russia, in showing the mutual attraction and repulsion of the Russian and the European culture, particularly, in literature of the past few centuries. The article analyzes the specifics of their presentation both in this collection, and in Russian Switzerland by same M. Shishkin.

Key words: national-cultural behavioral stereotypes and settings, counterpoising, finding common ground

Patryk Witczak
Z historii publicystyki emigracji rosyjskiej pierwszej fali – Jurij Felzen
History of journalism of Russian emigration of the first wave – Yuri Felzen

Yuri Felzen – prose writer, journalist, literary critic, representative of the younger generation of Russian emigration of the first wave – is poorly known in modern literature studies. Felzen’s journalism was analyzed in the article. The writer commented on the future of Russian literature and culture in exile and in the Russia and wrote about the everyday life of emigrants in Paris. With his texts he joined the discussion on the mission of Russian immigrant literature.

Key words: Yuri Felzen, journalism, Russian emigration

Językoznawstwo, Glottodydaktyka, Kulturoznawstwo

Pełny artykuł
Анастасия Лепетюха
Компрессированные номинальные монопредикативные структуры с синтаксической синонимией на уровне синтагмы и высказывания (на материале современной французской художественной прозы)
Сompressed nominal monopredicative structures with syntactical synonymy on the level of syntagm and utterance
(on the material of modern French fiction)

This paper is dedicated to the studies of compressed nominal monopredicative structures with syntactical synonymy on the level of syntagm and utterance as co(n)textually pertinent discourse innovations. Synonymic structures are analyzed as systemic (language) phenomenologically reconstructed one basic (with one transformational terminal chain) and two basic (with two and more transformational terminal chains) propositions and syntagms that are actualized in form of synonymic preferential options. One kind of these constructions is reduced (compressed) monopredicative utterances with nominal key lexeme. By linguistic experiment (language game of addressee) and the method of backward reconstruction the transforms of virtual (language) synonymic series of analyzed constructions are distinguished and the degree of co(n)textual pertinence of potential preferential structures and actualized synonymic options is defined with consideration of author’s idiostyle and his communicative intention. As the result the co(n)textual pertinence of actualized syntactical transform is confirmed.

Key words: co(n)text, key lexeme, nominal monopredicative utterance, pertinence, syntactical synonymy

Ирина Вотякова Анастасия Пичугина
Особенности передачи испанских топонимов в русском языке
Peculiarities of transmission of Spanish toponyms in Russian literature

The article deals with peculiarities of transmission of Spanish toponyms in Russian literature. As the title implies the article describes different types of transmission of proper nouns, such as transcription, transliteration and the use of auxiliary language (for example, French or German). Much attention is giving to specific cross-cultural function of toponyms in translation as a specific linguistic unit which has a special component that is clear to representatives of only one or more language communities, usually grouped geographically. Also there is complexity and diversity of the concept of “translation of proper names”, which is not completely accurate with respect to linguistic units of a similar level. The difference between the terms translation and transmission should be stressed because toponym describes some specific place of one linguistic community and can’t be translated in other. Data are given about adaptation of Spanish toponyms in texts of Russian literature of different centuries and recommendation are given for more optimal transmission.

Key words: proper noun, translation, Spanish language, Russian language

Daria Pańka
A usage-based approach as a new horizon in loanword studies
A usage-based approach as a new horizon in loanword studies

It can be observed that cognitive sociolinguistics is an emerging field of linguistics, being a union of cognitive linguistics and sociolinguistics, which sheds different light on the notion of language variation. The paper aims at discussing a socio-cognitively oriented, usage-based approach as a new horizon in studies on lexical borrowings, also referred to as loanwords. The loans have been addressed, first of all, from the perspective of historical and structural linguistics so far. The overview of the research in question shows that there are only few (recent) works discussing lexical borrowings from the mentioned functional perspective. As has been noticed, according to the usage-based account, language changes due to speakers’ actions. To be precise, it undergoes modifications compliant with the way people use it. In this respect, loanwords are treated as linguistic changes/innovations which are propagated within a given community and become new conventions. In general, the usage-based approach focuses on an analysis of authentic examples of loanwords in context and a socio-cognitive reference, e.g. person- and community-based entrenchment, which has not been done by the prior research. Moreover, it has been observed that cognitive sociolinguistics and contact linguistics have certain points of contact as one can even speak of cognitive contact linguistics.

Key words: usage-based approach, loanword, language change, conventionalisation, cognitive

Hans W. Giessen
Europäisch oder national, informieren oder bewerten? Die Textsorte Kommentar aus Anlass der Europawahlen 2014 – Eine Analyse bezüglich unterschiedlicher Zeitungskategorien aus Deutschland und Luxemburg
European or national, informing or commenting?
The commentary genre at the 2014 European elections – an analysis of different newspaper categories from Germany and Luxembourg

The European elections held on 25 May, 2014 were the first general elections to the European Parliament after the Treaty of Lisbon, which stipulated in particular that the European Parliament should be given new powers in the election of the President of the European Commission; thus the European Parliament was gaining new power. For the first time, various parties represented in the European Parliament have seized the opportunity and named common European candidates. This new importance made the newspapers to comment on the elections. Publications from Luxembourg and Germany were of particular interest, as the common candidates came from these countries. The corpus derives from the day after the elections (Monday 26 May 2014).
The result: At the level of content, the conservative newspapers have been commenting on the European elections almost exclusively from the national perspective and with regard to the national power policy. On the other hand, we find another correlation with respect to the persuasion styles. Quality magazines tend to comment in an informative style; in the case of yellow press papers, the comments more judging.

Key words: European Elections, Illocutions, Politics, Right-Left-Scheme, Newspaper Comments

Piotr A. Owsiński
Urbane Bezeichnungen in der Stadt Busko-Zdrój während des Zweiten Weltkrieges
The urbanonyms in Busko-Zdrój during the Second World War

This article is written about the results of the trends’ analysis in the names of streets in the town Busko-Zdrój during the Second World War. The examples presented in the article were sorted because of the function of the names. In this analysis it is also shown that the German translated the Polish hodonyms without changing their names or their functions. In this way it can be seen, that the German people adapted the Polish language world picture and used it in their own language during their presence on the occupied areas of Poland.

Key words: street, name, motivation, Second World War

Ad Archivum

Pełny artykuł
Олег Федотов Антонина Шелемова
Опыт комментария к венку сонетов Юрия Линника Солнце мертвых
Experience review to wreath of sonnets Yuri Linnik The sun of the dead

Coauthors offer experience of the comment to a wreath of sonnets by poetphilosopher Yury Linnik The sun of the dead. The main advantage of this work seems them that the author didn’t translate ingenious prose of Shmelyov into poetic diction, and has created absolutely original art Space, having used and having developed in own way a header symbol as the huge generalization, which has kept energy of caution about quite real Apocalypse expecting us in the future.

Key words: wreath of sonnets Sun of the Dead, Ivan Shmelyov, Yury Linnik, comments

Юрий Линник
Солнце мёртвых (венок сонетов)
Maria Galimska
Интервью Марии Галимской с писателем и критиком Романом Эмильевичем Арбитманом

Dyskusje i recenzje

Pełny artykuł
Joanna Mianowska
Евгений Потупов, Небронзовеющий классик. Евгений Евтушенко: книги и встречи, Москва, Кругъ 2017, 391 с.
Анна Степанова
Галина Нефагина, Параллели и пересечения. Русская литература во времени и пространстве, Минск, Издательство «Четыре четверти» 2017, 458 с.
Наталья Торкут
Кристофер Марло, Трагедия Дидоны, царицы Карфагена, перевод, статья, комментарии Т.Н. Потницевой, Днепр, ТОВ «Роял Принт», 2017
Данута Герчиньска
Zinukova N.V., Interpreting in Foreign Economic field: Theory and Methods of Training Masters-Philologists, Днепр, 2017
Об авторе